The Globalization Shift of Security in Australia
The Sides of Security
During the Israeli-Hezbollah War in 2006, thousands of Lebanese civilians and hundreds of military and civilian Israelis were killed. The whole world was all eyes in the tension with military weapons clearly used for destruction such as aerial bombardment and rockets launched from bunkers. The event was implicated as a global threat and issue to security.  At the same time, Australians living in Lebanon were stranded and how to evacuate them was an immediate security threat. The Australian government faced the pressure from the domestic politics and internal forces and imposed to get support from the Syrian government to help them flee the borders. The problem was that the bus that would take them out may or may not be hit by flying missiles or rockets. Within five hours of the journey where three buses were on a convoy to Amman and crossed borders of Syria, the 86 Australians were transported safely. 
The war had far-reaching effects of globalization for Australia. From the other side of the planet to the local demonstrations, the impact had made the issue interconnected through the Lebanese-Australians where they showed their disagreement with the government’s decision to support the war and how the government’s efforts to take the stranded Lebanese-Australians out of Lebanon was not quickly approved.
Even before the Lebanon war, the riots in Cronulla beach by Lebanese-Australians would actually show how much of the conflict of this war has entailed dramatic impact. Security, in the context of globalization, has extended its depths from the borders to the riots in beaches, and suggests that there is a significant “complication of the basic concept of ‘threat’ in international relations.” 
The same way as CNN tells magnified stories of conflict, let me present the shift of security globalization in Australia.
The Economic State of Security Globalization
The security policies in Australia have evolved from the 1970s until years after 2001 through the economic changes that have Australia engaged in the regional and international institutions. From the transformations of British withdrawal of Suez, opening of the United States with China to the opening of resources to neighboring nations such as Southeast Asia and China and the 9/11 attacks that had improved alliances with the United States. Its strong support with the United States was not only in the economic expansion in its trade and resources but also became evident with the security interests in policies and measures. 
Security Threats and Issues of Terrorism
From Victor D. Cha’s point of view, globalization has ignited the identity as a source of conflict.  It was the similar approach for Moffat’s approach to terrorism – it is an outcome of globalization.  The 9/11 attacks have changed the landscape of security in the national and international level. The ideologies and anti-West mentality have resulted in the war on terrorism. Certain terror groups have sprouted from different regions and used technology to influence such violent extremism around the world. Australia has faced the adversity and believes it is a security threat by supporting the war on terrorism. It is a mere fact that such events of terrorism may happen in the Australian soil, to which the practice and prioritization of security preventive measures were and are still being intensified.
Some internal mobilization of possible extremism examples can be cited in my previous blog. Click here and browse through the section of Islamic extremism and security state of Australia. This section has given importance to the security state of Australia and influences of different Islamic extremism.
Another issue developed under the terrorism level is the use of technology through what is called cyberterrorism.
Recent cyber attacks on the national consensus website – Australia Bureau of Statistics – is still being investigated. 
The previous attack last 2011, by probable Chinese military intelligence on hacking political documents and emails, is a similar hack on Australian sites which was considered to be of high potential ‘terrorist’ attack. There have been no admitted perpetrators, and even IBM, the developer of the software and website, had declared no comment for any involvement. Security in the privacy of data has already increased and grounds for sanctions and policies were aligned in with the threats it has affected globally. The usage of Internet through mobile and daily transactions have increased the possibility of attacks. This is why the government has formed a legislative bill to address the acts of cyberterrorism.
Security Legislation Amendment Terrorism Act of 2002 (SLAT) was created in effect of the terrorist attacks in 9/11, which included the definition of attacks on any ‘electronic systems.’ The argument in the act was that it will prosecute by lifetime imprisonment to those who induce harm by damaging infrastructure or network and cause serious problem or panic to the physical world. The Australian political sector had debates on how to identify such crime and if it has become too broad in its nature to pass the legislation. The case of “Operation Titstorm” from the group Anonymous, which was politically motivated with the Internet censorship, was a minor cyberattack with no major impacting damage that could serve as an act of terrorism. It was more of a protest rather than a destructive operation. It is very interesting how the evolution of cyberterrorism will keep pace with the globalization and how security itself will become virtually non-physical as well. According to Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull, the allocation of $230 million in cybersecurity was to help improve the capabilities to deter malicious cyberactivity threats. He also appointed the first cyber ambassador as a special adviser on any cyber security affairs.  The secretary of Department of the Prime Minister shares more on the strategy of cyber security in Australia in the video below.
The SLAT act is one of the defense legislation in response to the 9/11 attacks and future acts of terrorism. How else has Australia found means to prevent and avoid global security threats?
The Department of Defence has provided a framework through the Australian Security Policy, which has produced the “Defence White Paper”.  It provides the outline of the strategies and governance in preparation for any threat to national security. It includes alliances with the United States, the capability of military workforce, and its approach to terrorism and cyberterrorism. It is very comprehensive and adapted to the globalization forces. To complement the “Defence White Paper”, the Australian National Security has launched a website which encompasses every security measure and even captures what Australia is currently doing to protect its country.
Below is the screenshot of the website.
Another interesting security measure is the Smartraveller website where it allows travelers to check for information on any security threat is happening in their destination. This is an added security feature that also supplements the mobile alerts and security hotline.
Australia in its shift to security
With the globalization phenomenon simply facing all the adversities in Australia, the country shifts its course of security from national to international strategies. The war in Lebanon, though a thousand miles away from Australia , has interfered with the government and the people’s reflection of the event, which had caused threats to security. The threats of terrorism, including cyberterrorism, are just some of the security threats Australia is consequently trying to prevent. However there are other existing threats on security such as transnational crime, drug and human trafficking, corruption, and even climate change that have also a need to be addressed. This is why Australia is shifting its priority to security in effect of globalization.